ഫലകം:Infobox sulfur

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sulfur,  16S
Sulfur-sample.jpg
General properties
AppearanceLemon yellow crystals.
Standard atomic weight (Ar, standard)[32.05932.076] conventional: 32.06
Sulfur in the periodic table
[[Hydrogen|Hydrogen [[Helium|Helium
[[Lithium|Lithium [[Beryllium|Beryllium [[Boron|Boron [[Carbon|Carbon [[Nitrogen|Nitrogen [[Oxygen|Oxygen [[Fluorine|Fluorine [[Neon|Neon
[[Sodium|Sodium [[Magnesium|Magnesium [[Aluminium|Aluminium [[Silicon|Silicon [[Phosphorus|Phosphorus [[Sulfur|Sulfur [[Chlorine|Chlorine [[Argon|Argon
[[Potassium|Potassium [[Calcium|Calcium [[Scandium|Scandium [[Titanium|Titanium [[Vanadium|Vanadium [[Chromium|Chromium [[Manganese|Manganese [[Iron|Iron [[Cobalt|Cobalt [[Nickel|Nickel [[Copper|Copper [[Zinc|Zinc [[Gallium|Gallium [[Germanium|Germanium [[Arsenic|Arsenic [[Selenium|Selenium [[Bromine|Bromine [[Krypton|Krypton
[[Rubidium|Rubidium [[Strontium|Strontium [[Yttrium|Yttrium [[Zirconium|Zirconium [[Niobium|Niobium [[Molybdenum|Molybdenum [[Technetium|Technetium [[Ruthenium|Ruthenium [[Rhodium|Rhodium [[Palladium|Palladium [[Silver|Silver [[Cadmium|Cadmium [[Indium|Indium [[Tin|Tin [[Antimony|Antimony [[Tellurium|Tellurium [[Iodine|Iodine [[Xenon|Xenon
[[Caesium|Caesium [[Barium|Barium [[Lanthanum|Lanthanum [[Cerium|Cerium [[Praseodymium|Praseodymium [[Neodymium|Neodymium [[Promethium|Promethium [[Samarium|Samarium [[Europium|Europium [[Gadolinium|Gadolinium [[Terbium|Terbium [[Dysprosium|Dysprosium [[Holmium|Holmium [[Erbium|Erbium [[Thulium|Thulium [[Ytterbium|Ytterbium [[Lutetium|Lutetium [[Hafnium|Hafnium [[Tantalum|Tantalum [[Tungsten|Tungsten [[Rhenium|Rhenium [[Osmium|Osmium [[Iridium|Iridium [[Platinum|Platinum [[Gold|Gold [[Mercury (element)|Mercury (element) [[Thallium|Thallium [[Lead|Lead [[Bismuth|Bismuth [[Polonium|Polonium [[Astatine|Astatine [[Radon|Radon
[[Francium|Francium [[Radium|Radium [[Actinium|Actinium [[Thorium|Thorium [[Protactinium|Protactinium [[Uranium|Uranium [[Neptunium|Neptunium [[Plutonium|Plutonium [[Americium|Americium [[Curium|Curium [[Berkelium|Berkelium [[Californium|Californium [[Einsteinium|Einsteinium [[Fermium|Fermium [[Mendelevium|Mendelevium [[Nobelium|Nobelium [[Lawrencium|Lawrencium [[Rutherfordium|Rutherfordium [[Dubnium|Dubnium [[Seaborgium|Seaborgium [[Bohrium|Bohrium [[Hassium|Hassium [[Meitnerium|Meitnerium [[Darmstadtium|Darmstadtium [[Roentgenium|Roentgenium [[Copernicium|Copernicium [[Nihonium|Nihonium [[Flerovium|Flerovium [[Moscovium|Moscovium [[Livermorium|Livermorium [[Tennessine|Tennessine [[Oganesson|Oganesson
O

S

Se
phosphorussulfurchlorine
Atomic number (Z)16
Groupgroup 16 (chalcogens)
Periodperiod 3
Blockp-block
Electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p4
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 6
Physical properties
Phase at STPsolid
Melting point388.36 K ​(115.21 °C, ​239.38 °F)
Boiling point717.8 K ​(444.6 °C, ​832.3 °F)
Density (near r.t.)(alpha) 2.07 g/cm3
(beta) 1.96 g/cm3
(gamma) 1.92 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)1.819 g/cm3
Critical point1314 K, 20.7 MPa
Heat of fusion(mono) 1.727 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization(mono) 45 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity22.75 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 375 408 449 508 591 717
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a strongly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.58
Ionization energies
Atomic radiusempirical: 100 pm
calculated: 88 pm
Covalent radius102 pm
Van der Waals radius180 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of sulfur
Other properties
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for sulfur
Thermal conductivity(amorphous)
0.205 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity(amorphous)
2×1015 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingno data
Bulk modulus7.7 GPa
Mohs hardness2.0
CAS Number7704-34-9
Main isotopes of sulfur
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
32S 95.02% 32S is stable with 16 neutrons
33S 0.75% 33S is stable with 17 neutrons
34S 4.21% 34S is stable with 18 neutrons
35S syn 87.32 d β- 0.167 35Cl
36S 0.02% 36S is stable with 20 neutrons
| references
"https://ml.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ഫലകം:Infobox_sulfur&oldid=1435523" എന്ന താളിൽനിന്ന് ശേഖരിച്ചത്