തുവാലു

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
(Tuvalu എന്ന താളിൽ നിന്നും തിരിച്ചുവിട്ടതു പ്രകാരം)
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തുവാലു
Flag of തുവാലു
Flag
Coat of arms of തുവാലു
Coat of arms
Motto: "Tuvalu mo te Atua"  (Tuvaluan)
"Tuvalu for the Almighty"
Anthem: Tuvalu mo te Atua  (Tuvaluan)
Tuvalu for the Almighty

Location of തുവാലു
തലസ്ഥാനംFunafuti
ഔദ്യോഗിക ഭാഷTuvaluan, English
Demonym(s)Tuvaluan
GovernmentParliamentary Democracy with a Constitutional monarchy
• Queen
Elizabeth II
Filoimea Telito
Apisai Ielemia
Independence
• from the UK
1 October 1978
Area
• Total
26 കി.m2 (10 sq mi) (226th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• July 2007 estimate
11,992 (222nd)
• സാന്ദ്രത
441/km2 (1,142.2/sq mi) (22nd)
ജിഡിപി (PPP)2002 estimate
• Total
$14.94 million (228th)
• Per capita
$1,600 (2002 estimate) (unranked)
HDI (2003)n/a
Error: Invalid HDI value · n/a
CurrencyTuvaluan dollar
Australian dollar (AUD)
സമയമേഖലUTC+12
Calling code688
Internet TLD.tv

തെക്ക് പടിഞ്ഞാറൻ ശാന്തസമുദ്രത്തിലെ ഒമ്പതുദ്വീപുകളുടെ സമൂഹമാണ്‌ തുവാലു. (Tuvalu) 1978-ൽ സ്വതന്ത്രമായ ബ്രിട്ടീഷ് കോളനിയാണിത്. എല്ലിസ് ദ്വീപുകൾ എന്നാണ്‌ പൂർ‌വകാല നാമം. എലിസബത്ത് 2 രാജ്ഞിയുടെ പ്രതിനിധിയാണ്‌ രാഷ്ട്രത്തലവൻ. സർക്കാരിൻറെ തലവൻ പ്രധാനമന്ത്രിയും. കൃഷിയും മത്സ്യബന്ധനവുമാണ്‌ ഇവിടത്തെ പ്രധാന വരുമാന മാർഗ്ഗങ്ങൾ

കൂടുതൽ വായനയ്ക്ക്[തിരുത്തുക]

  • Lonely Planet Guide: South Pacific & Micronesia, by various.ISBN 1786572184 ISBN 978-1786572189
  • Chalkley, John, (1999) Vaitupu – two years on a remote Polynesian atoll, Matuku Publications. ISBN 9780953487608 ISBN 0953487601
  • Ells, Philip, (2008) Where the Hell is Tuvalu? Virgin Books. ISBN 0753511304 ISBN 978-0753511305
  • Watling, Dick, (2003) A Guide to the Birds of Fiji and Western Polynesia: Including American Samoa, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu and Wallis and Futuna, Environmental Consultants (Fiji) Ltd; 2nd edition. ISBN 9829030040 ISBN 9789829030047
Culture, Customs and Traditions
  • Barkås, Sandra Iren, Alofa – Expressions of Love: Change and Continuity in Tuvalu (2013)
  • Brady, Ivan, (1972) Kinship Reciprocity in the Ellice Islands, Journal of Polynesian Society 81:3, 290–316
  • Brady, Ivan, (1974) Land Tenure in the Ellice Islands, in Henry P. Lundsaarde (ed). Land Tenure in Oceania, Honolulu, University Press of Hawaii. ISBN 0824803213 ISBN 9780824803216
  • Chambers, Keith & Anne Chambers, (January 2001) Unity of Heart: Culture and Change in a Polynesian Atoll Society, Waveland Pr Inc. ISBN 1577661664 ISBN 978-1577661665
  • Corlew, Laura Kati (മേയ് 2012). The cultural impacts of climate change (PDF) (Ph.D.). University of Hawaii. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 15 സെപ്റ്റംബർ 2016.
  • Kennedy, Donald Gilbert, Field notes on the culture of Vaitupu, Ellice Islands (1931): Thomas Avery & Sons, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Kennedy, Donald Gilbert, Land tenure in the Ellice Islands, Journal of the Polynesian Society., Vol. 64, no. 4 (Dec. 1953):348–358.
  • Koch, Gerd, (1961) Die Materielle Kulture der Ellice-Inseln, Berlin: Museum fur Volkerkunde; The English translation by Guy Slatter, was published as The Material Culture of Tuvalu, University of the South Pacific in Suva (1981) ASIN B0000EE805.
History
  • Hedley, Charles (1896). "General account of the Atoll of Funafuti" (PDF). Australian Museum Memoir. 3 (2): 1–72.
  • Tuvalu: A History (1983) Isala, Tito and Larcy, Hugh (eds.), Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu.
  • Bedford, R., Macdonald, B., & Munro, D., (1980) Population estimates for Kiribati and Tuvalu, 1850–1900: Review and speculation, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 89, 199–246.
  • Bollard, AE., (1981) The financial adventures of J. C. Godeffroy and Son in the Pacific, Journal of Pacific History, 16: 3–19.
  • Firth, S., (1973) German firms in the Western Pacific Islands, 1857–1914, Journal of Pacific History, 8: 10–28.
  • Geddes, W. H., Chambers, A., Sewell, B., Lawrence, R., & Watters, R. (1982) Islands on the Line, team report. Atoll economy: Social change in Kiribati and Tuvalu, No. 1, Canberra: Australian National University, Development Studies Centre.
  • Goodall, N. (1954) A history of the London Missionary Society 1895–1945, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Macdonald, Barrie, (1971) Local government in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands 1892–1969 – part 1, Journal of Administration Overseas, 10, 280–293.
  • Macdonald, Barrie, (1972) Local government in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands 1892–1969 – part 2, Journal of Administration Overseas, 11, 11–27.
  • Macdonald, Barrie, (2001) Cinderellas of the Empire: towards a history of Kiribati and Tuvalu, Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. ISBN 982-02-0335-X (Australian National University Press, first published 1982).
  • Munro, D, Firth, S., (1986) Towards colonial protectorates: the case of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Australian Journal of Politics and History, 32: 63–71.
  • Maude, H. E., (1949) The Co-operative Movement in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (Technical Paper No. 1), South Pacific Commission, Sydney.
  • Suamalie N.T. Iosefa, Doug Munro, Niko Besnier, (1991) Tala O Niuoku, Te: the German Plantation on Nukulaelae Atoll 1865–1890, Published by the Institute of Pacific Studies. ISBN 9820200733.
  • Pulekai A. Sogivalu, (1992) A Brief History of Niutao, Published by the Institute of Pacific Studies. ISBN 982020058X.
Language
Music and Dance
  • Christensen, Dieter, (1964) Old Musical Styles in the Ellice Islands, Western Polynesia, Ethnomusicology, 8:1, 34–40.
  • Christensen, Dieter and Gerd Koch, (1964) Die Musik der Ellice-Inseln, Berlin: Museum fur Volkerkunde.
  • Koch, Gerd, (2000) Songs of Tuvalu (translated by Guy Slatter), Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific. ISBN 9820203147 ISBN 978-9820203143

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