ഓപ്പറേഷൻ ബാർബറോസ

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
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Operation Barbarossa
the Eastern Front of World War II ഭാഗം
Operation Barbarossa Infobox.jpg
Clockwise from top left: German soldiers advance through Northern Russia, German flamethrower team in the Soviet Union, Soviet planes flying over German positions near Moscow, Soviet prisoners of war on the way to German prison camps, Soviet soldiers fire at German positions.
തിയതി22 June – 5 December 1941
(5 മാസം, 1 ആഴ്ച and 6 ദിവസം)
സ്ഥലംCentral, Northeast, and Eastern Europe
ഫലംSee Aftermath
Belligerents
 Soviet Union
പടനായകരും മറ്റു നേതാക്കളും
Units involved
ശക്തി
Frontline strength (initial)
Frontline strength (initial)
14,000,000 reserves (former conscripts who finished their mandatory service)[17][18]
നാശനഷ്ടങ്ങൾ
Total military casualties:
1,000,000+
Total military casualties:
4,973,820

രണ്ടാം ലോക മഹായുദ്ധത്തിന്റെ സമയത്ത് സോവിയറ്റ് യൂണിയനെ ആക്രമിക്കാൻ ജർമ്മനി തയ്യാറാക്കിയ പദ്ധതിയുടെ രഹസ്യനാമമാണ് ഓപ്പറേഷൻ ബാർബറോസ. അച്ചുതണ്ട് ശക്തികളുടെ കീഴിലുള്ള നാലു ലക്ഷത്തോളം വരുന്ന സൈനികർ റഷ്യയുടെ സൈനിക അതിർത്തിയിലേക്ക് ആക്രമണം നടത്തി. [25]

See also[തിരുത്തുക]

അവലംബം[തിരുത്തുക]

കുറിപ്പുകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

  1. Excludes an additional 395,799 who were deemed unfit for service due to non-combat causes, transported out of their Army Group sectors for treatment, and treated in divisional/local medical facilities. 98% of those 395,799 eventually returned to active duty service, usually after relatively short treatment, meaning about 8,000 became permanent losses. Askey 2014, p. 178.
  2. See: Mark Axworthy, Third Axis Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945. pages 58 and 286.
  3. See:Robert Kirchubel. Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia. Bloomsbury Publishing. Chapter: "Opposing Armies".
  4. Includes only Finnish casualties in Northern Finland during Operation Silver Fox.[22]

ഉദ്ധരിച്ചതിൽ പിഴവ്: <ref> റ്റാഗ് "western military districts Soviet Union" എന്ന പേരോടെ <references> എന്നതിൽ നിർവചിച്ചിട്ടുണ്ടെങ്കിലും ആദ്യ എഴുത്തിൽ ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്നില്ല.

ഉദ്ധരിച്ചതിൽ പിഴവ്: <ref> റ്റാഗ് "171 divisions" എന്ന പേരോടെ <references> എന്നതിൽ നിർവചിച്ചിട്ടുണ്ടെങ്കിലും ആദ്യ എഴുത്തിൽ ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്നില്ല.

സിറ്റേഷനുകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Clark 2012, പുറം. 73.
  2. Glantz 2001, പുറം. 9.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Glantz 2010a, പുറം. 20.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Liedtke 2016, പുറം. 220.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Askey 2014, പുറം. 80.
  6. Askey 2014, പുറം. 80, of which 301 assault guns, 257 tank destroyers and self-propelled guns, 1,055 armored half-tracks, 1,367 armored cars, 92 combat engineer and ammunition transport vehicles.
  7. Liedtke 2016, പുറം. 220, of which 259 assault guns.
  8. Bergström 2007, പുറം. 129.
  9. Glantz 2001, പുറം. 9, states 2.68 million.
  10. Glantz 1998, പുറങ്ങൾ. 10–11, 101, 293, states 2.9 million.
  11. Taylor 1974, പുറം. 98, states 2.6 million.
  12. Mercatante 2012, പുറം. 64.
  13. Clark 2012, പുറം. 76.
  14. Glantz 2010a, പുറം. 28, states 7,133 aircraft.
  15. Mercatante 2012, പുറം. 64, states 9,100 aircraft.
  16. Clark 2012, പുറം. 76, states 9,100 aircraft.
  17. Glantz 1998, പുറം. 107.
  18. Glantz & House 1995, പുറം. 68.
  19. Askey 2014, പുറം. 178.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Bergström 2007, പുറം. 117.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Askey 2014, പുറം. 185.
  22. Ziemke 1959, പുറം. 184.
  23. Krivosheev 1997, പുറങ്ങൾ. 95–98.
  24. Sharp 2010, പുറം. 89.
  25. 10-ക്ലാസ് സാമൂഹ്യശാസ്ത്രം പുസ്തകം

ഗ്രന്ഥസൂചി[തിരുത്തുക]

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