കമ്മ്യൂണിസ്റ്റ് പാർട്ടി ഓഫ് ചൈന

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
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കമ്മ്യൂണിസ്റ്റ് പാർട്ടി ഓഫ് ചൈന
中国共产党
Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng
രൂപീകരിക്കപ്പെട്ടത്23 ജൂലൈ 1921; 98 വർഷങ്ങൾക്ക് മുമ്പ് (1921-07-23)
ആസ്ഥാനംZhongnanhai, Xicheng District, Beijing
പത്രംPeople's Daily
Research officeCentral Policy Research Office
Armed wingPeople's Liberation Army
People's Armed Police
China Militia
അംഗസംഖ്യ  (2018)90,594,000
ആശയംChinese communism[1][2]
Marxism–Leninism
Socialism with Chinese characteristics
Chinese unification
ദേശീയാംഗീകാരംUnited Front
അന്താരാഷ്ട്ര അംഗത്വംInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties
National People's Congress (13th)
2,119 / 2,980   (71%)
NPC Standing Committee
121 / 175   (69%)
വെബ്സൈറ്റ്
cpc.people.com.cn
പാർട്ടി കൊടി
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg

ചൈനയിൽ നിലവിലുള്ള ഒരേയൊരു രാഷ്ട്രീയ പാർട്ടിയാണ് ചൈനീസ്  കമ്മ്യുണിസ്റ്റ്  പാർട്ടി  അഥവാ  കമ്മ്യൂണിസ്റ്റ് പാർട്ടി ഓഫ്  ചൈന . 1921-ലാണ് ഈ പാർട്ടി രൂപീകരിച്ചത്.

അവലംബം[തിരുത്തുക]

  1. Kane, Thomas (2001). "China's Foundations: Guiding Principles of Chinese Foreign Policy". Comparative Strategy. 20: 45–55. doi:10.1080/01495930150501106. "leaders see maintaining their distinct political ideology as being integral to maintaining their distinct political identity. Although “socialism with Chinese characteristics” may have evolved into something quite different from the communism Mao envisioned"
  2. Hsiung, James (1970). Ideology & Practice: The Evolution of Chinese Communism.

Sources[തിരുത്തുക]

Articles & journal entries[തിരുത്തുക]

Books[തിരുത്തുക]

  • Baum, Richard (1996). Burying Mao: Chinese Politics in the Age of Deng Xiaoping. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691036373.
  • Baylis, Thomas (1989). Governing by Committee: Collegial Leadership in Advanced Societies. State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780887069444.
  • Bush, Richard (2005). Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0815797814.
  • Broodsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Zheng, Yongnian (2006). The Chinese Communist Party in Reform. Routledge. ISBN 978-0203099285.
  • Carter, Peter (1976). Mao. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0192731401.
  • Chan, Adrian (2003). Chinese Marxism. Continuum Publishing. ISBN 978-0826473073.
  • Coase, Ronald; Wang, Ling (2012). How China Became Capitalist. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1137019363.
  • Ding, X.L. (2006). The Decline of Communism in China: Legitimacy Crisis, 1977–1989. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521026239.
  • Feigon, Lee (2002). Mao: A Reinterpretation. Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 978-1566635226.
  • Finer, Catherine Jones (2003). Social Policy Reform in China: Views from Home and Abroad. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0754631750.
  • Fu Delete repeated word = Zhengyuan (1993). Autocratic Tradition and Chinese Politics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521442282.
  • Gao, James (2009). Historical Dictionary of Modern China (1800–1949). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810863088.
  • Gregor, A. James (1999). Marxism, China & Development: Reflections on Theory and Reality. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-1412828154.
  • Li, Gucheng (1995). A Glossary of Political Terms of the People's Republic of China. Chinese University Press. ISBN 978-9622016156.
  • Guo, Sujian (2012). Chinese Politics and Government: Power, Ideology and Organization. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415551380.
  • Guo, Sujian; Guo, Baogang (2008). China in Search of a Harmonious Society. Rowman & Littlefield|Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0739126240.
  • Heath, Timothy R. (2014). China's New Governing Party Paradigm: Political Renewal and the Pursuit of National Rejuvenation. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-1409462019.
  • Heazle, Michael; Knight, Nick (2007). China–Japan Relations in the Twenty-first Century: Creating a Future Past?. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1781956236.
  • Izuhara, Misa (2013). Handbook on East Asian Social Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-0857930293.
  • Yu, Keping (2010). Democracy and the Rule of Law in China. Brill Publishers. ISBN 978-9004182127.
  • Kornberg, Judith; Faust, John (2005). China in World Politics: Policies, Processes, Prospects. University of British Columbia Press. ISBN 978-1588262486.
  • Kuhn, Robert Lawrence (2011). How China's Leaders Think: The Inside Story of China's Past, Current and Future Leaders. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1118104255.
  • Latham, Kevin (2007). Pop Culture China!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1851095827.
  • Leung, Edwin Pak-wah, സംശോധാവ്. (1992). Historical Dictionary of Revolutionary China, 1839–1976. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0313264573.
  • Lew, Christopher R.; Leung, Edwin Pak-wah (1996), Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Civil War (2nd പതിപ്പ്), Scarecrow Press
  • Li, Cheng (2009). China's Changing Political Landscape: Prospects for Democracy. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0815752080.
  • Liu, Guoli (2011). Politics and Government in China. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0313357312.
  • Joseph, William (2010). Politics in China: an Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195335309.
  • Mackerras, Colin; McMillen, Donald; Watson, Andrew (2001). Dictionary of the Politics of the People's Republic of China. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415250672.
  • Richard, McGregor (2012). The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers (2nd പതിപ്പ്). Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0061708763.
  • Musto, Marcello (2008). Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later. Routledge. ISBN 978-1134073825.
  • Smith, Ivian; West, Nigel (2012). Historical Dictionary of Chinese Intelligence. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810871748.
  • Ogden, Chris (2013). Handbook of China s Governance and Domestic Politics. Routledge. ISBN 978-1136579530.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2005). Governance in China. OECD Publishing. ISBN 978-9264008441.
  • Pantsov, Alexander (2015). Deng Xiaoping: A Revolutionary Life (1st പതിപ്പ്). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199392032.
  • Saich, Tony; Yang, Benjamin (1995). The Rise to Power of the Chinese Communist Party: Documents and Analysis. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-1563241550.
  • Schram, Stuart (1966). Mao Tse-Tung. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0140208405.
  • Shambaugh, David (2008). China's Communist Party: Atrophy and Adaptation. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520254923.
  • Shambaugh, David (2013). China Goes Global: The Partial Power. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199323692.
  • Sullivan, Lawrence (2007). Historical Dictionary of the People's Republic of China. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810864436.
  • Sullivan, Lawrence (2012). Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Communist Party. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810872257.
  • Jonathan, Unger (2002). The Nature of Chinese Politics: From Mao to Jiang. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-0765641151.
  • van de Ven, Johan (1991). From Friend to Comrade: The Founding of the Chinese Communist Party, 1920–1927. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520910874.
  • Vogel, Ezra (2011). Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674055445.
  • Yeh, Wen-hsin (1996). Provincial Passages: Culture, Space, and the Origins of Chinese Communism. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520916326.
  • Wang, Gunwu; Zheng, Yongian (2012). China: Development and Governance. World Scientific. ISBN 978-9814425834.
  • White, Stephen (2000). Russia's New Politics: The Management of a Postcommunist Society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521587372.
  • Wong, Yiu-chung (2005). From Deng Xiaoping to Jiang Zemin: Two Decades of Political Reform in the People's Republic of China. University Press of America. ISBN 978-0761830740.
  • Zheng, Suisheng (2004). A Nation-state by Construction: Dynamics of Modern Chinese Nationalism. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0804750011.

External links[തിരുത്തുക]