ഫലകം:Ussc

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[തിരുത്തുക] [പുതുക്കുക] ഫലകത്തിന്റെ വിവരണം

Description[തിരുത്തുക]

This template is used to cite the United States Reports, which are the official record of the rulings, orders, case tables, and other proceeding of the Supreme Court of the United States. This template provides the citation number, date, and a clickable link to look up the cited case opinion on an external site. It can also be used to pin citations to a specific page within an opinion. For older cases (before reporting was standardized to the US Reports in 1875), the citation can be directed to the specific reporter; the newest cases may be referenced using the docket number instead.

Usage[തിരുത്തുക]

{{ussc | volume | page | year }}
{{ussc | volume | page | year | reporter | reporter-volume }}
{{ussc |3=year |docket=xx-xxx }}

Mandatory fields[തിരുത്തുക]

Note: the following three fields are positional, and must appear in the order listed.

volume
The first number of a given case citation, referring to the volume in which the case is found.
page
The second number within the citation, referring to the page in the volume on which the case syllabus begins.
year
Indicates the year in which the case decision was announced.

When coding a Supreme Court case citation, this template is usually used after the italicized wikilink to the case name. This makes the court case number a clickable external link, allowing someone to read the actual case.

Example #1
While the Canadian case of R. v. Morgentaler, [1993] 3 S.C.R. 463, is considered equivalent to the U.S. case of Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), it is usually considered closer to Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).

You would code it as follows:

While the Canadian case of ''[[R. v. Morgentaler (1993)|R. v. Morgentaler]]'', [1993] 3 S.C.R. 463, is considered equivalent to the U.S. case of ''[[Roe v. Wade]]'', {{ussc|410|113|1973}}, it is usually considered closer to ''[[Doe v. Bolton]]'' , {{ussc|410|179|1973}}.

which will display as:

While the Canadian case of R. v. Morgentaler, [1993] 3 S.C.R. 463, is considered equivalent to the U.S. case of Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), it is usually considered closer to Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).

Optional: Select the court reporter[തിരുത്തുക]

Note: reporter and reporter-volume, when used, must both appear, and must be the 4th and 5th fields, respectively.

reporter
Denotes the last name of the reporter publishing the Supreme Court's opinions. This citation system was used before the United States Reports were commenced. The United States included the volumes of the named reporters in the United States Reports, numbering them sequentially; thus, the actual first volume of the United States Reports was Volume 91. If you use this field, use of the reporter-volume field is mandatory.
reporter-volume
Denotes the volume of the named reporter. If you use this field, use of the reporter field is mandatory.
Example #2 – Reporter
''[[Marbury v. Madison]]'' {{Ussc|5|103|1803|Cranch|1}}

is displayed as:

Marbury v. Madison 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 103 (1803).


Other options[തിരുത്തുക]

|source=
Allows the wiki-editor to direct a reader to the text of any opinion posted to the web. See details below. If using this option, place it first within with template parameters.
|casename=
A sub-optional field, used only when pointing readers to the case opinion posted to Wikisource. Enter the name of the case, as entitled on Wikisource.
|pin=
This is the pincite/pinpoint feature. Use it to denote the exact page on which cited text may be found.
|docket=xx-xxx
used for newer cases which haven't yet been assigned volume and page numbers. Note: When using the docket #, the volume and page are omitted – the year, then, being a positional variable, is instead supplied using the "|3=year" syntax. xx-xxx is the Supreme Court's docket number that was assigned to the case, e.g. 03-923.


Example #3 – FindLaw source with pin citation
''[[Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer]]'', {{Ussc|source=f|343|579|1952|pin=635}}, (Jackson, J. concurring).

is displayed as:

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 635 (1952), (Jackson, J. concurring).
Example #4 – Docket reference
''[[Illinois v. Caballes]]'', {{ussc|3=2005|docket=03-923}}

is displayed as:

Illinois v. Caballes, ___ U.S. ___ (2005), (Docket No. 03-923)

In this specific example, Caballes is somewhat new, but it has in fact been bound by the US Reporter. Therefore, since the volume and page are known, it might be better to instead change the source to FindLaw, coded as follows:

''[[Illinois v. Caballes]]'', {{ussc|source=f|543|405|2005}}

which displays as:

Illinois v. Caballes, 543 U.S. 405 (2005)

Compare these two results, including the destination pages – the latter is preferable when the volume and page are known – thus |docket= should only be used to cite newer cases which have yet to be formally bound.

Source selection[തിരുത്തുക]

The full text source to which the template links can be selected with the optional |source= parameter. The options are:

Because Wikisource requires a link to the case name, you must also use the |casename= parameter. More example uses for |source= are shown below.

default
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) {{ussc|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|410|113|1973}}
AltLaw
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) {{ussc|source=a|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|source=a|410|113|1973}}
Justia
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) {{ussc|source=j|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|source=j|410|113|1973}}
FindLaw
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) {{ussc|source=f|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|source=f|410|113|1973}}
OpenJurist
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch137 (1803) {{ussc|source=o|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|source=o|410|113|1973}}
Wikisource
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) {{ussc|source=w|casename=Marbury v. Madison|5|137|1803|Cranch|1}}
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) {{ussc|source=w|casename=Roe v. Wade|410|113|1973}}
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