ജോസഫ്‌ കോൺറാഡ്‌

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
ജോസഫ്‌ കോൺറാഡ്‌
1904
ജനനം Józef Teodor Konrad ‪Nałe̜cz‬ Korzeniowski
1857 ഡിസംബർ 3(1857-12-03)
Berdychiv, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
മരണം 1924 ഓഗസ്റ്റ് 3(1924-08-03) (പ്രായം 66)
Bishopsbourne, England
Resting place Canterbury Cemetery, Canterbury
തൊഴിൽ നോവലിസ്റ്റ്
ഭാഷ ഇംഗ്ലീഷ്
രചനാ കാലം 1895–1923
രചനാ സങ്കേതം Psychological realism, ആധുനികത
പ്രധാന കൃതികൾ Nostromo
Heart of Darkness
Lord Jim
The Secret Agent
ജീവിതപങ്കാളി(കൾ) ജെസ്സി ജോർജ്ജ്
കുട്ടികൾ ബോറിസ്,ജോൺ

ജീവിതരേഖ[തിരുത്തുക]

1857ൽ പോളണ്ടിൽ ജനിച്ചു. വളരെ ചെറുപ്പത്തിൽത്തന്നെ അനാഥനായ കോൺറാഡ്‌ ഏകാകിയും അന്തർമുഖനുമായിരുന്നു. പതിനേഴാം വയസിൽ കപ്പലുകളിൽ ജോലി നോക്കാനാരംഭിച്ചു. സാഹസികമായ ഒരു ദീർഘകാല സമുദ്രജീവിതത്തിൽ നിന്ന്‌ അഗാധമായ അനുഭവങ്ങൾ ലഭിച്ചു. മനുഷ്യന്റെ ആന്തരജീവിതത്തിലെ അനുഭവങ്ങളെ തീക്ഷ്ണമായി ആവിഷ്‌കരിക്കുന്ന സാഹിത്യകൃതികൾ രചിച്ചു. ഇംഗ്ലീഷുകാരനല്ലാത്ത കോൺറാഡ്‌ ഇംഗ്ലീഷുകാരെപ്പോലും അതിശയിപ്പിക്കുന്ന വിധത്തിൽ ആംഗലസാഹിത്യത്തിൽ ചിരപ്രതിഷ്‌ഠ നേടി. 1924ൽ അന്തരിച്ചു.[1]

കൃതികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

നോവലുകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

കഥകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

Epstein's bust of Conrad (1924), Birmingham Art Gallery. Additional copies are at London's National Portrait Gallery and San Francisco's Maritime Museum. Epstein, wrote Conrad, "has produced a wonderful piece of work of a somewhat monumental dignity, and yet—everybody agrees—the likeness is striking" [2]:568
  • "The Black Mate": written, according to Conrad, in 1886; may be counted as his opus double zero; published 1908; posthumously collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925.
  • "The Idiots": Conrad's truly first short story, which may be counted as his opus zero; written during his honeymoon (3.1896), published in The Savoy periodical, 1896, and collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898.
  • "The Lagoon": composed 1896; published in Cornhill Magazine, 1897; collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898: "It is the first short story I ever wrote."
  • "An Outpost of Progress": written 1896; published in Cosmopolis, 1897, and collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898: "My next [second] effort in short-story writing"; it shows numerous thematic affinities with Heart of Darkness; in 1906, Conrad described it as his "best story".
  • "The Return": completed early 1897, while writing "Karain"; never published in magazine form; collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898: "[A]ny kind word about 'The Return' (and there have been such words said at different times) awakens in me the liveliest gratitude, for I know how much the writing of that fantasy has cost me in sheer toil, in temper, and in disillusion." Conrad, who suffered while writing this psychological chef-d'oeuvre of introspection, once remarked: "I hate it."
  • "Karain: A Memory": written February–April 1897; published November 1897 in Blackwood's Magazine and collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898: "my third short story in... order of time".
  • "Youth": written 1898; collected in Youth, a Narrative, and Two Other Stories, 1902
  • "Falk": novella / story, written early 1901; collected only in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903
  • "Amy Foster": composed 1901; published in the Illustrated London News, December 1901, and collected in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903.
  • "To-morrow": written early 1902; serialized in Pall Mall Magazine, 1902, and collected in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903
  • "Gaspar Ruiz": written after Nostromo in 1904–5; published in The Strand Magazine, 1906, and collected in A Set of Six, 1908 (UK), 1915 (US). This story was the only piece of Conrad's fiction ever adapted by the author for cinema, as Gaspar the Strong Man, 1920.
  • "An Anarchist": written late 1905; serialized in Harper's Magazine, 1906; collected in A Set of Six, 1908 (UK), 1915 (US)
  • "The Informer": written before January 1906; published, December 1906, in Harper's Magazine, and collected in A Set of Six, 1908 (UK), 1915 (US)
  • "The Brute": written early 1906; published in The Daily Chronicle, December 1906; collected in A Set of Six, 1908 (UK), 1915 (US)
  • "The Duel: A Military Story": serialized in the UK in Pall Mall Magazine, early 1908, and later that year in the US as "The Point of Honor", in the periodical Forum; collected in A Set of Six in 1908 and published by Garden City Publishing in 1924. Joseph Fouché makes a cameo appearance.
  • "Il Conde" (i.e., "Conte" [count]): appeared in Cassell's Magazine (UK), 1908, and Hampton's (US), 1909; collected in A Set of Six, 1908 (UK), 1915 (US)
  • "The Secret Sharer": written December 1909; published in Harper's Magazine, 1910, and collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea, 1912
  • "Prince Roman": written 1910, published 1911 in the Oxford and Cambridge Review; posthumously collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925; based on the story of Prince Roman Sanguszko of Poland (1800–81)
  • "A Smile of Fortune": a long story, almost a novella, written in mid-1910; published in London Magazine, February 1911; collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea, 1912
  • "Freya of the Seven Isles": a near-novella, written late 1910–early 1911; published in Metropolitan Magazine and London Magazine, early 1912 and July 1912, respectively; collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea 1912)
  • "The Partner": written 1911; published in Within the Tides, 1915
  • "The Inn of the Two Witches": written 1913; published in Within the Tides, 1915
  • "Because of the Dollars": written 1914; published in Within the Tides, 1915
  • "The Planter of Malata": written 1914; published in Within the Tides, 1915
  • "The Warrior's Soul": written late 1915–early 1916; published in Land and Water, March 1917; collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925
  • "The Tale": Conrad's only story about World War I; written 1916, first published 1917 in The Strand Magazine; posthumously collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925

ഉപന്യാസങ്ങൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

കോൺറാഡിന്റെ സാഹിത്യലോകത്തിന്റെ സ്വാധീനത്താലുണ്ടായ രചനകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

സിനിമകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

ഒപ്പേറ[തിരുത്തുക]

പുരസ്കാരങ്ങൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

അവലംബം[തിരുത്തുക]

  1. http://www.puzha.com/malayalam/bookstore/cgi-bin/author-detail.cgi?code=1264
  2. ഉദ്ധരിച്ചതിൽ പിഴവ്: അസാധുവായ <ref> ടാഗ്; najder എന്ന അവലംബങ്ങൾക്ക് ടെക്സ്റ്റ് ഒന്നും കൊടുത്തിട്ടില്ല.

അധിക വായനക്ക്[തിരുത്തുക]

  • Gérard Jean-Aubry, Vie de Conrad (Life of Conrad — the authorized biography), Gallimard, 1947, translated by Helen Sebba as The Sea Dreamer: A Definitive Biography of Joseph Conrad, New York, Doubleday & Co., 1957.Magill, Frank (1968). Masterplots 11. Salem Press. p. 236.  Authors list - ഇവിടെ |last2= ഇല്ലാത്ത |first2= കാണുന്നു (സഹായം)
  • Peter Edgerly Firchow, Envisioning Africa: Racism and Imperialism in Conrad's Heart of Darkness, University Press of Kentucky, 2000.
  • Jeffrey Meyers, Joseph Conrad: a Biography, New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1991.
  • Zdzisław Najder, Conrad under Familial Eyes, Cambridge University Press, 1984, ISBN 0-521-25082-X.
  • Zdzisław Najder, Joseph Conrad: a Life, translated by Halina Najder, Rochester, Camden House, 2007, ISBN 1-57113-347-X.
  • Joseph Retinger, Conrad and His Contemporaries, London, Minerva, 1941; New York, Roy, 1942.
  • T. Scovel, A Time to Speak: a Psycholinguistic Inquiry into the Critical Period for Human Speech, Cambridge, MA, Newbury House, 1988.
  • J.H. Stape, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Joseph Conrad, Cambridge University Press, 2006.
  • John Stape, The Several Lives of Joseph Conrad, Pantheon, 2008, ISBN 1-4000-4449-9.
  • J.I.M. Stewart, Joseph Conrad, New York, Dodd, Mead & Company, 1968.
  • Ian Watt (2000) Essays on Conrad. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521783879, ISBN 978-0521783873
  • Olivier Weber, Conrad, Arthaud-Flammarion, 2011.
  • Wise, T.J. (1920) A Bibliography of the Writings of Joseph Conrad (1895–1920). London: Printed for Private Circulation Only By Richard Clay & Sons, Ltd.
  • Morton Dauwen Zabel, "Conrad, Joseph," Encyclopedia Americana, 1986 ed., ISBN 0-7172-0117-1, vol. 7, pp. 606–7.

പുറം കണ്ണികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

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വിക്കിമീഡിയ കോമൺസിലെ Joseph Conrad എന്ന വർഗ്ഗത്തിൽ ഇതുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട കൂടുതൽ പ്രമാണങ്ങൾ ലഭ്യമാണ്:

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