മാനിഹോട്ട്

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
(Manihot എന്ന താളിൽ നിന്നും തിരിച്ചുവിട്ടതു പ്രകാരം)
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മാനിഹോട്ട്
Plants de cassave (manioc).jpg
കപ്പയുടെ ഇലകൾ
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Tribe:
Genus:
Manihot

Mill. 1754 not Adans. 1763[1]
Type species
Manihot esculenta
Crantz.[2][3]
Synonyms

Hotnima A.Chev.
Janipha Kunth
Mandioca Link
Manihotoides D.J.Rogers & Appan[1]

യൂഫോർബിയേസീ സസ്യകുടുംബത്തിലെ ഒരു ജനുസാണ് മാനിഹോട്ട് (Manihot). 1754 ലാണ് ഇതിനെ വിവരിച്ചത്.[4][3] അമേരിക്കകളിലെ തദ്ദേശവാസിയായ മാനിഹോട്ടിലെ ഏറ്റവും പ്രസിദ്ധമായ സ്പീഷിസ് മരച്ചീനിയാണ് (Manihot esculenta).[5] പലശലഭങ്ങളും ഈ ജനുസിലെ ചെടികളുടെ ഇലകൾ ഭക്ഷിക്കാറുണ്ട്.

സ്പീഷിസുകൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

2
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  1. Manihot acuminatissima Müll.Arg. - Goiás, Bahia
  2. Manihot aesculifolia (Kunth) Pohl - Mexico, Central America
  3. Manihot alutacea D.J.Rogers & Appan - Goiás
  4. Manihot angustiloba (Torr.) Müll.Arg. - Mexico, Arizona
  5. Manihot anisophylla (Griseb.) Müll.Arg. - N Argentina
  6. Manihot anomala Pohl - South America
  7. Manihot attenuata Müll.Arg. - Goiás
  8. Manihot auriculata McVaugh - Jalisco, Nayarit
  9. Manihot baccata Allem - Fr Guiana, NE Brazil
  10. Manihot brachyandra Pax & K.Hoffm. - Bahia
  11. Manihot brachyloba Müll.Arg. - Central Amer, Dominican Rep, N South America
  12. Manihot breviloba - Sergipe
  13. Manihot caerulescens Pohl - Brazil, Paraguay
  14. Manihot carthagenensis (Jacq.) Müll.Arg. - N South America, Trinidad, Curaçao
  15. Manihot catingae Ule - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  16. Manihot caudata Greenm. - N Mexico
  17. Manihot cecropiifolia - Goiás, Distrito Federal
  18. Manihot chlorosticta Standl. & Goldman - Mexico
  19. Manihot compositifolia Allem - Bahia
  20. Manihot condensata D.J.Rogers & Appan - Bolivia
  21. Manihot corymbiflora Pax & K.Hoffm. - Rio de Janeiro
  22. Manihot crassisepala Pax & K.Hoffm. - México State, Morelos, Jalisco
  23. Manihot crotalariiformis Pohl - Minas Gerais
  24. Manihot davisiae Croizat - Arizona, Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa
  25. Manihot diamantinensis Allem - Bahia
  26. Manihot dichotoma Ule - NE Brazil
  27. Manihot divergens Pohl - Goiás, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais
  28. Manihot epruinosa Pax & K.Hoffm. - Piauí, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia
  29. Manihot esculenta Crantz - from Mexico to Brazil
  30. Manihot falcata D.J.Rogers & Appan - Goiás, Distrito Federal
  31. Manihot filamentosa Pittier - NW Venezuela
  32. Manihot flemingiana D.J.Rogers & Appan - Mato Grosso
  33. Manihot foetida (Kunth) Pohl - C + N Mexico
  34. Manihot fortalezensis Nassar, D.G.Ribeiro, Bomfim & P.T.C.Gomes - Ceará
  35. Manihot fruticulosa (Pax) D.J.Rogers & Appan - Brazil
  36. Manihot gabrielensis Allem - Goiás
  37. Manihot gracilis Pohl - Paraguay, Brazil
  38. Manihot grahamii Hook. - S Brazil, N Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  39. Manihot guaranitica Chodat & Hassl. - N Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia
  40. Manihot handroana Cruz - Minas Gerais
  41. Manihot hassleriana - Paraguay
  42. Manihot heptaphylla Ule - Bahia
  43. Manihot hilariana Baill. - Minas Gerais
  44. Manihot hunzikeriana Mart.Crov. - Rio Grande do Sul, Misiones
  45. Manihot inflata Müll.Arg. - São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná
  46. Manihot irwinii D.J.Rogers & Appan - Goiás
  47. Manihot jacobinensis Müll.Arg. - Mato Grosso, Bahia
  48. Manihot janiphoides Müll.Arg. - São Paulo, Minas Gerais
  49. Manihot jolyana Cruz - São Paulo
  50. Manihot leptophylla Pax - NW South America
  51. Manihot longepetiolata Pohl - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  52. Manihot maracasensis Ule - Bahia
  53. Manihot marajoara Huber - Pará, Amapá
  54. Manihot mcvaughii V.W.Steinm. - Michoacán
  55. Manihot membranacea Pax & K.Hoffm. - Mato Grosso
  56. Manihot michaelis McVaugh - Colima, Jalisco
  57. Manihot mirabilis Pax - Paraguay
  58. Manihot mossamedensis Taub. - Goiás
  59. Manihot nana Müll.Arg. - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  60. Manihot neusana Nassar - Paraná
  61. Manihot nogueirae Allem - Distrito Federal
  62. Manihot oaxacana D.J.Rogers & Appan - Oaxaca
  63. Manihot obovata J.Jiménez Ram. - Guerrero
  64. Manihot oligantha Pax & K.Hoffm. - Goiás
  65. Manihot orbicularis Pohl - Goiás
  66. Manihot palmata Müll.Arg. - Rio de Janeiro
  67. Manihot pauciflora Brandegee - Puebla, Oaxaca
  68. Manihot paviifolia Pohl - Goiás
  69. Manihot peltata Pohl - Goiás
  70. Manihot pentaphylla Pohl - Brazil, Paraguay
  71. Manihot peruviana Müll.Arg. - Loreto, San Martin
  72. Manihot pilosa Pohl - E Brazil
  73. Manihot pohliana Müll.Arg. - Bahia
  74. Manihot pohlii Wawra - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  75. Manihot populifolia Pax - Paraguay
  76. Manihot pringlei S.Watson - Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Querétaro
  77. Manihot procumbens Müll.Arg. - Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Paraguay
  78. Manihot pruinosa Pohl - Mato Grosso, Goiás
  79. Manihot pseudoglaziovii Pax & K.Hoffm. - Ceará, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba
  80. Manihot purpureocostata Pohl - Goiás
  81. Manihot pusilla Pohl - Goiás
  82. Manihot quinquefolia Pohl - Bahia
  83. Manihot quinqueloba Pohl - Mato Grosso, Goiás
  84. Manihot quinquepartita Huber ex D.J.Rogers & Appan - Amapá, Pará, Maranhão, Mato Grosso
  85. Manihot reniformis Pohl - Bahia
  86. Manihot reptans Pax - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  87. Manihot rhomboidea Müll.Arg. - Mexico, Central America
  88. Manihot rubricaulis I.M.Johnst. - Mexico
  89. Manihot sagittatopartita Pohl - Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  90. Manihot salicifolia Pohl - Mato Grosso, Goiás
  91. Manihot sparsifolia Pohl - Goiás
  92. Manihot stipularis Pax - Distrito Federal, Goiás
  93. Manihot stricta Baill. - Peru, Mato Grosso, Goiás
  94. Manihot subspicata Rogers & Appan - Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas
  95. Manihot surinamensis D.J.Rogers & Appan - Venezuela, the 3 Guianas
  96. Manihot tenella Müll.Arg. - São Paulo, Paraguay
  97. Manihot tomatophylla Standl. - Morelos, Jalisco, Michoacán
  98. Manihot tomentosa Pohl - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  99. Manihot triloba (Sessé) McVaugh ex Miranda - Mexico
  100. Manihot tripartita (Spreng.) Müll.Arg. - Brazil, Paraguay
  101. Manihot triphylla Pohl - Distrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  102. Manihot tristis Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, the 3 Guianas, N Brazil
  103. Manihot variifolia Pax & K.Hoffm. - Paraguay
  104. Manihot violacea Pohl - Brazil
  105. Manihot walkerae Croizat - Texas, Tamaulipas
  106. Manihot websteri D.J.Rogers & Appan - Puebla, Oaxaca
  107. Manihot weddelliana Baill. - Goiás
  108. Manihot xavantinensis D.J.Rogers & Appan - Mato Grosso
  109. Manihot zehntneri Ule - Bahia

പുറത്തേക്കുള്ള കണ്ണികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Genus: Manihot Mill". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-31. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 2011-05-06.
  2. lectotype designated by R.A. Howard, Fl. Lesser Antilles 5: 64 (1989)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tropicos, Manihot Mill.
  4. Miller, Philip. 1754.
  5. Second, G; C. Iglesias (2001).
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