മാരികോപ്പ കൗണ്ടി, അരിസോണ

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
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Maricopa County, Arizona
County
County of Maricopa[1]
Maricopa County Courthouse October 6 2013 Phoenix Arizona 2816x2112 Rear.JPG
The Maricopa County Courthouse and Old Phoenix City Hall, also known as the County-City Administration Building, in 2013
Flag of Maricopa County, Arizona
Flag
Seal of Maricopa County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Maricopa County
Location in the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
സ്ഥാപിതം February 14, 1871
സീറ്റ് Phoenix
വലിയ പട്ടണം Phoenix
വിസ്തീർണ്ണം
 • ആകെ. 9,224 sq mi (23,890 km2)
 • ഭൂതലം 9,200 sq mi (23,828 km2)
 • ജലം 24 sq mi (62 km2), 0.3%
ജനസംഖ്യ (est.)
 • (2017) 4
 • ജനസാന്ദ്രത 468/sq mi (181/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th
സമയമേഖല Mountain: UTC-7
Website www.maricopa.gov

അമേരിക്കൻ ഐക്യനാടുകളിലെ അരിസോണ സംസ്ഥാനത്തിലെ തെക്കൻ കേന്ദ്രത്തിൽ സ്ഥിതി ചെയ്യുന്ന ഒരു രാജ്യമാണ് മാരികോപ്പ കൗണ്ടി (/ˌmærɪˈkoʊpə/ MARR-i-KOH-pə).2010 ലെ സെൻസസ് പ്രകാരം ഇവിടുത്തെ ജനസംഖ്യ 3,817,117 ആണ്.[2] ഇത് സംസ്ഥാനത്തെ ഏറ്റവും ജനസംഖ്യയുള്ള കൗണ്ടിയും, അമേരിക്കയിലെ നാലാമത്തെ ഏറ്റവും ജനസംഖ്യയുള്ള രാജ്യവുമാണ്. 23 സംസ്ഥാനങ്ങളെ അപേക്ഷിച്ച് ഇവിടെ ജനസംഖ്യ വളരെ കൂടുതലാണ്. ഫീനിക്സ് കൗണ്ടി സീറ്റ് ആണ്.[3]മാരികോപ്പ കൗണ്ടി സംസ്ഥാന തലസ്ഥാനവും രാജ്യത്തെ അഞ്ചാമത്തെ ഏറ്റവും ജനസംഖ്യയുള്ള നഗരവുമാണ്.

Politics[തിരുത്തുക]

Maricopa County Presidential election results[4]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 47.7% 747,361 44.8% 702,907 7.5% 117,566
2012 54.3% 749,885 43.6% 602,288 2.1% 28,786
2008 54.4% 746,448 43.9% 602,166 1.7% 22,756
2004 56.9% 679,455 42.3% 504,849 0.9% 10,657
2000 53.2% 479,967 42.9% 386,683 3.9% 35,049
1996 47.2% 386,015 44.5% 363,991 8.2% 67,426
1992 41.1% 360,049 32.6% 285,457 26.4% 231,326
1988 64.9% 442,337 33.9% 230,952 1.2% 8,229
1984 72.0% 411,902 27.1% 154,833 1.0% 5,538
1980 65.0% 316,287 24.6% 119,752 10.4% 50,795
1976 61.7% 258,262 34.5% 144,613 3.8% 15,966
1972 69.3% 244,593 27.0% 95,135 3.8% 13,272
1968 59.1% 162,262 31.4% 86,204 9.5% 26,185
1964 53.9% 143,114 46.0% 122,042 0.1% 170
1960 59.4% 127,090 40.6% 86,834 0.1% 135
1956 63.0% 92,140 36.9% 54,010 0.1% 191
1952 60.6% 77,249 39.4% 50,285
1948 46.3% 36,585 51.3% 40,498 2.4% 1,909
1944 43.4% 24,853 56.2% 32,197 0.4% 208
1940 38.9% 22,610 60.4% 35,055 0.7% 414
1936 28.7% 13,671 67.3% 32,031 4.0% 1,908
1932 34.1% 15,086 64.6% 28,601 1.3% 593
1928 62.3% 20,089 37.6% 12,146 0.1% 34
1924 44.7% 10,611 38.6% 9,177 16.7% 3,970
1920 56.2% 11,336 43.8% 8,825
1916 39.3% 5,747 52.1% 7,634 8.6% 1,259
1912 11.3% 642 46.0% 2,606 42.7% 2,421

United States Congress[തിരുത്തുക]

District Name Party First elected [lower-alpha 1] Area(s) represented
United States Senate
  Class I Senator Jeff Flake Republican 2012 All of state
  Class III Senator John McCain Republican 1986
United States House of Representatives
  1 Tom O'Halleran Democratic 2016 Gila River Indian Community
  3 Raul Grijalva Democratic 2002 Avondale, Buckeye, Phoenix
  4 Paul Gosar Republican 2010 Northern Maricopa County
  5 Andy Biggs Republican 2016 Mesa, Chandler, Gilbert
  6 David Schweikert Republican 2010 Phoenix, Scottsdale
  7 Ruben Gallego Democratic 2014 Phoenix
  8 Debbie Lesko Republican 2018 West Valley
  9 Kyrsten Sinema Democratic 2012 Phoenix, South Scottsdale, Tempe
  1. Due to redistricting in 2002 and again in 2012, many of the Representatives listed were first elected to a district other than the one they currently represent.

Board of Supervisors[തിരുത്തുക]

Party District Name First elected Area(s) represented
  Republican District 1 Denny Barney 2012 Chandler, Gilbert, Mesa, Phoenix, Queen Creek, Scottsdale, Sun Lakes, Tempe
  Republican District 2 Steve Chucri 2012 Apache Junction, Carefree, Cave Creek, Fountain Hills, Gilbert, Mesa, Paradise Valley, Phoenix, Scottsdale
  Republican District 3 Bill Gates 2016 Anthem, Desert Hills, New River, Paradise Valley, Phoenix
  Republican District 4 Clint Hickman 2014 Avondale, Aguila, Buckeye, El Mirage, Glendale, Goodyear, New River, Peoria, Sun City, Sun City West, Surprise, Wickenburg, Youngtown
  Democratic District 5 Steve Gallardo 2015 Avondale, Buckeye, Gila Bend, Glendale, Goodyear, Guadalupe, Phoenix, Tolleson

Elected county officials[തിരുത്തുക]

Party Office Name First elected Reference
  Republican Assessor Paul D. Petersen 2014† [5]
  Republican Clerk of the Superior Court Chris DeRose 2018† [6]
  Republican County Attorney Bill Montgomery 2010 [7]
  Democratic County Recorder Adrian Fontes 2016 [5]
  Republican County School Superintendent Steve Watson 2016 [5]
  Democratic Sheriff Paul Penzone 2016 [5]
  Republican Treasurer Royce Flora 2016 [5]

†Member was originally appointed to the office.

Education[തിരുത്തുക]

Transportation[തിരുത്തുക]

Major Highways[തിരുത്തുക]

Air[തിരുത്തുക]

The major primary commercial airport of the county is Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX).

Other airports located in the county include:

Rail[തിരുത്തുക]

In terms of freight rail, the Union Pacific Railroad and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad serve the county.

In terms of passenger rail, greater Phoenix is served by a light rail system. The county has no other passenger rail transport as Amtrak's Sunset Limited, which once served Phoenix until June 2, 1996, has its closest stop in Maricopa in neighboring Pinal County. The train connects Maricopa to Tucson, Los Angeles, and New Orleans three times a week. However it does not stop in Phoenix itself.

Communities[തിരുത്തുക]

Cities[തിരുത്തുക]

Towns[തിരുത്തുക]

Census-designated places[തിരുത്തുക]

Unincorporated communities[തിരുത്തുക]

Indian communities[തിരുത്തുക]

County population ranking[തിരുത്തുക]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Maricopa County.[8][9]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 Phoenix 1,445,632 City 1881
2 Mesa 439,041 City 1878 (founded)
3 Chandler 236,123 City 1920
4 Glendale 226,721 City 1910
5 Scottsdale 217,385 City 1951
6 Gilbert 208,453 Town 1920
7 Tempe 161,719 City 1894
8 Peoria (partially in Yavapai County) 154,065 City 1954
9 Surprise 117,517 City 1960
10 Avondale 76,238 City 1946
11 Goodyear 65,275 City 1946
12 Buckeye 50,876 City 1929
13 Sun City 37,499 CDP
14 El Mirage 31,797 City 1951
15 Queen Creek (partially in Pinal County) 26,361 Town 1990
16 Sun City West 24,535 CDP
17 Fountain Hills 22,489 Town 1989
18 Anthem 21,700 CDP
19 New River 14,952 CDP
20 Sun Lakes 13,975 CDP
21 Paradise Valley 12,820 Town 1961
22 Tolleson 6,545 City 1929
23 Wickenburg 6,363 Town 1909
24 Youngtown 6,156 Town 1960
25 Guadalupe 5,523 Town 1975
26 Litchfield Park 5,476 City 1987
27 Cave Creek 5,015 Town 1986
28 Citrus Park 4,028 CDP
29 Carefree 3,363 Town 1984
30 Gila Bend 1,922 Town 1962
31 Rio Verde 1,811 CDP
32 Komatke 821 CDP
33 Aguila 798 CDP
34 Wittmann 763 CDP
35 Maricopa Colony 709 CDP
36 Gila Crossing 621 CDP
37 St. Johns 476 CDP
38 Morristown 227 CDP
39 Arlington 194 CDP
40 Theba 158 CDP
41 Kaka 141 CDP
42 Wintersburg 136 CDP
43 Tonopah 60 CDP

ഇതും കാണുക[തിരുത്തുക]

അവലംബം[തിരുത്തുക]

കൂടുതൽ വായനയ്ക്ക്[തിരുത്തുക]

  • Maricopa County Sheriff's Office, Maricopa County Sheriff's Office History and Pictorial. Paducah, KY: Turner Publishing. Co., 2005.

പുറത്തേക്കുള്ള കണ്ണികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]

Coordinates: 33°30′50″N 112°28′33″W / 33.51389°N 112.47583°W / 33.51389; -112.47583

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