ഫലകം:Infobox nitrogen

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.
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നൈട്രജൻ,  7N
Liquidnitrogen.jpg
General properties
Appearanceനിറമില്ലാത്ത വാതകം, ദ്രാവകം അല്ലെങ്കിൽ ഘരപദാർത്ഥം
Standard atomic weight (Ar, standard)[14.0064314.00728] conventional: 14.007
നൈട്രജൻ in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson


N

P
കാർബൺനൈട്രജൻഓക്സിജൻ
Atomic number (Z)7
Groupgroup 15 (pnictogens)
Periodperiod 2
Blockp-block
Element category  reactive nonmetal
Electron configuration[He] 2s2 2p3
Electrons per shell
2, 5
Physical properties
Phase at STPgas
Melting point63.15 K ​(−210.00 °C, ​−346.00 °F)
Boiling point77.355 K ​(−195.795 °C, ​−320.431 °F)
Density (at STP)1.2504 g/L[1] at 0 °C, 1013 mbar
when liquid (at b.p.)0.808 g/cm3
Triple point63.151 K, ​12.52 kPa
Critical point126.192 K, 3.3958 MPa
Heat of fusion(N2) 0.72 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization(N2) 5.56 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(N2) 29.124 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 37 41 46 53 62 77
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (a strongly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.04
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1402.3 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2856 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 4578.1 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Covalent radius71±1 pm
Van der Waals radius155 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of നൈട്രജൻ
Other properties
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for നൈട്രജൻ
Speed of sound353 m/s (gas, at 27 °C)
Thermal conductivity25.83×10−3 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic
CAS Number17778-88-0
7727-37-9 (N2)
History
DiscoveryDaniel Rutherford (1772)
Named byJean-Antoine Chaptal (1790)
Main isotopes of നൈട്രജൻ
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
13N syn 9.965 min ε 13C
14N 99.6% stable
15N 0.4% stable
| references
C ←

i'box C

iso
7
N E
→ O

i'box O

Data sets read by {{Infobox element}}
Name and identifiers
Top image
  image caption
  image alt
Pronunciation
Category (enwiki)
Standard atomic weight
  most stable isotope
Oxidation states
Spectral lines image

References

  1. "GESTIS-Stoffdatenbank". ശേഖരിച്ചത് 2017-12-29.

ഫലകം:Documentation

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